- Tai Chi
Ba Duan Jin is an ancient Chinese health and fitness Qigong exercise routine. The eight sections of easy movement exercises are designed to support the health of the human organs. It aligns itself with the intensity and theory of kinetic Tai Chi movements, coupled with preparatory posture and closing form to make the exercise complete. However, this categorization does not preclude the form's use by martial artists as a supplementary exercise, and this practice is frequent. The Ba Duan Jin as a whole is broken down into eight separate exercises, each focusing on a different physical area. The Baduanjin traditionally contains both a standing and seated set of eight postures each. In the modern era, the standing version is by far the most widely practiced. The particular order in which the eight pieces are executed sometimes varies, with the following order being the most common.
The Yi Jin Jing is a practice of aligning body, breath, and mind for health, meditation, and martial arts training. It contains a series of exercises, coordinated with specific breathing and mental concentration, said to enhance physical health dramatically when practiced consistently. In Chinese Yi means change, Jin means "tendons and sinews", while Jing means "methods". This is a relatively intense form of exercise that aims at strengthening the muscles and tendons, so promoting strength and flexibility, speed and stamina, balance and coordination of the body. These exercises are notable for being a key element of the physical conditioning used in Kung Fu training.
In Chinese Mandarin Wu Xing "wǔxíng" is the pronunciation not only of "Five Animals," but also of "Five Elements," the core techniques that features animal mimicry. Wu Xing originated with 72 techniques and expanded to 170 by Shaolin priest Yufeng Bai. He then organized these techniques into Five Animals: the Tiger, the Crane, the Leopard, the Snake and the Dragon, however many other animal styles have been developed, including panther, praying mantis (northern and southern styles), horse, cobra, bull, wolf, deer, bear, boar, eagle, python, scorpion, elephant, lion, frog, duck, dog, crow, tiger cub, chicken, hawk, turtle, swallow, lizard and a host of others.
Historical documents show that Liu Zi Jue appears in the Chinese Southern and Northern Dynasties (420 - 589) . A leading figure of the Maoshan Clan of Taoism, Tao Hungjin, was renowned for his profound knowledge of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Following that a physician called Sun Si Mao from the Tang Dynasty developed it further by a verbal and breathing method. Later in the Ming Dynasty they added some actions compliment these verbal and breathing methods. The theoretical basis of the Liu Zi Jue exercises is in line with the ancient theories, intrinsic to Traditional Chinese Medicine of the Five Elements. They tend to be on common ground on such issues as mouth forms and pronunciation methods, and the direction of body movements and mind follow the inner circulation law of the meridians. The Exercise has no impact, easy to learn and suitable for all ages but specifically for the elderly and infirmed